This is a useful procedure to know how to do (to avoid CD/DVDs). If you have a netbook without a CD/DVD-rom drive, this is your only option for installing or re-installing any operating system.

Ingredients:

Procedure:

  1. Acquire the Proper Ubuntu OS Version. Download the appropriate version of ubuntu. If you consider an alternative download version, take care to consider the pros and cons of a netbook version (more compact but limited compared to the full desktop version), and an older (outdated by usually more stable) and newer (more up-to-date, but can be decidedly less stable) OS version. It often can be a challenge and necessary trial-and-error process to see which version is most compatible with your hardware. Almost always, however, at least one ubuntu version will successfully boot.
  2. Get Ubuntu Installed on the Flash Drive (or SD Card). Download and use the universal linux installer. This installer pairs the .iso downloaded from the previous step to the destination flash or sd drive letter. Ensure that you select the correct letter drive! This installs “wubi” (Windows-Based Ubuntu Installer) onto the destination drive, if you run the Universal USB Installer from windows. IF you run it from linux, it unstalls, the appropriately abbreviated lubi (and a mac-os rubbish-based installer will be called mubi).
    • IMPORTANT: Trouble-shooting the Installation (if necessary, if not, skip to step 4). You may get a Data error in 'casper\filesystem.squashfs'. File is broken. error. I encountered this and it is quite a common diagnostic error when installing. That error indicates one of two things: 1)the installation failed due to the installer or 2)the installation failed due to a corrupt .iso. Thus, solutions are using a different installer (instead of universal linux installer), like unetbootin or for the second cause of the failed installation, redownloading the .iso from a mirror site or downloading a different version of the .iso. TL;DR, if you get the aforementioned error, your installer is causing problems and/or the .iso; use alternate sources for whichever is causing the problem. Solution Synopsis: Experiencing the aforementioned error during installation will, however, make booting from that destination drive impossible, so this must be resolved to successfully install from an external drive by using a different .iso or a different install (unetbootin installer of universal linux installer). This is irrelevant to your installation details, but after various .isos from various sources, I avoided the aforementioned error by installing netbook-remix 10.10 onto a FAT32 pre-formatted 2gb usb drive using universal linux installer (the cause of the error for me had been a corrupt .iso or simply a .iso not compatible with the drive and/or installer). Again, this may be irrelevant to your situation but often hearing what other people attempted can often help resolve one’s own challenges, so I properly documented those attempts (the destination drive on all of these was the FAT32 pre-formatted 2GB flash drive):
    • Installer: Universal Linux Installer.
      iso: ubuntu-10.04.2-desktop-amd64.
      Result: Failure. The Data error in 'casper\filesystem.squashfs'. File is broken. error.
      Diagnosis: Could be the 64-bit version or a corrupt .iso. The installer worked with another .iso, so it is unlikely for the installer to be the cause of the problem.
    • Installer: Universal Linux Installer.
      iso:ubuntu-11.04-desktop-i386.
      Result: Failure. The Data error in 'casper\filesystem.squashfs'. File is broken. error.
      Diagnosis: Could be the 64-bit version or a corrupt .iso. The installer worked with another .iso, so it is unlikely for the installer to be the cause of the problem.

      Notes: It’s impossible to discern if the .iso was corrupt, incompatible with the USB drive, or some other problem without further diagnostics, so this report suffices as is, especially considering that one version (all that is needed) succeeded.

    • Installer: Universal Linux Installer.
      iso: ubuntu-10.10-netbook-i386
      Result: Success.

      Notes: I had wanted to experiment with installing a full desktop (non-netbook-remix) version, but this suffices.

  3. Boot off the flash/sd drive and Install.Upon successfully making a bootable USB drive (or flash sd card), now you can boot off that and install your operating system. Partitioning is covered here. Don’t forget to include a partiton for swap space, which should on average be equal to your current physical RAM and is useful for things like RAM memory hibernation and unforeseen scenarios or shortage of actual physical RAM.

The Complex Stuff: Drivers, and Individual Hardware Compatibility

It would be preposterous, ridiculous, and unnecesary for me to document variety of computer hardware versions when that is already documented elsewhere, so all of these tweaks and installations are from installing ubuntu VERSION onto an asus 1001p netbook. Again, your situation (hardware and OS version) will likely be different, but you can likely see what you may encounter (and this obviously is incredibly useful for anyone installing said OS onto said hardware).

TL;DR All of these tweaks refer to ubuntu VERSION on asus 1001p. I may update that and include different and OS version if that becomes important, which is unlikely.

Brightness
The brightness adjusts sporadically instead of progressionally (meaning brightness 2 is brighter than 7 and then 8 may be the brightest and then 9 is not bright), so to avoid having a frequently dim screen, adjusting this is important.

The steps for resolving this are:

  1. Run “sudo gedit etc/default/grub from terminal. Some tutorials leave out the “sudo”, a fatal problem because without superuser privileges, the file is uneditable.
  2. Change GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT=”quiet splash” to GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT=”quiet splash acpi_osi=Linux acpi_backlight=vendor”.
  3. Run sudo update-grub
  4. Restart.
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About V.P.

meh meh.

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